Soap Making Instructions
Melt and pour is glycerine soap base that is easy to melt, colour and mould into shape. It is a great way to start soaping because it is so easy to use.
There are many types of melt and pour base:
Olive oil (5-10% olive oil)
Goats Milk (mild for sensitive skin)
TIP 1. You can add lots of goodies from the kitchen cupboard. Honey, oats, cornmeal, polenta, butter milk powder, coconut milk powder, coffee, poppyseeds, ground pumice, mica glitter, oils, butters, aloe vera, dried herbs, dried flowers, dried orange peel to name a few.
TIP 2. You can also put things inside melt and pour like silk flowers, toys (no sharp edges), other pieces of soap, laminated photos or cards, slices of loofah etc
Simply cut melt and pour into small pieces, you can either use the microwave oven on 40% or a double boiler on the stove top, but make sure the stove is on very very low. Melt until there is only a couple ofpieces left unmelted in the bowl, remove from the heat and stir to melt these last few pieces. Now its time to add your colour, fragrance and any additives that you want before you pour the mix into a mould.
TIP 3. When adding colour to the melted base, add a little at a time until you reach the desired colour, stir gently after each addition. If you stir too much you will get bubbles in your soap, if this happens spritz with some isopropyl alcohol or surgical spirit and the bubbles will instantly disappear or you can wait until a skin forms and scrape them off.
You can use lots of things for moulds traditional moulds, bottom of round chip containers, yogurt containers, just about anything that is flexible (not metal) and that can stand the heat of the hot soap without collapsing.
Ensure your soap is cold. Don’t try and unmould it before it is completely set otherwise you will have problems. The best way to remove it is with a thin spatula, run the spatula around the inside of the mould to break the seal tip upside down and gently press on the top of the mould, it should fall out if it doesn’t put it in the freezer for a few minutes and try again this usually works.
Make sure you always use cosmetic grade fragrances not oil burner ones or similar (these can create a severe allergic reaction).
Usually 8-15mls of fragrant oil per kilo is good but it is was to use your own personal opinion on what your nose likes, don’t be afraid to mix fragrances. 1ml= 20 drops.
TIP 4. Wrapping your soap in glad wrap or cellophane bags when it has cooled helps it to retain its smell longer
TIP 5. You can add 1tblspn (maximum) per kilo of butters and oils. Try jojoba, shea butter, mango butter, almond oil. Add in moderation a good guide is 2% of any oil as an additive.
TIP 6. If your soap goes hard before you can pour it in the mould simply remelt it. You can remelt it a few times with no problem.
TIP 7. Don’t add herbs or flowers etc that are not completely dry as they will go mouldy and discolour. Try adding silk flowers or petal, don’t put lavender to soap but you can sprinkle it on the top, calendula petals can be added to the soap and hibiscus flowers are lovely for decorating your soaps.
TIP 8. Be careful not to heat your soap above 60 deg c. If you overheat your soap it will sweat and have a high degree of water loss.
TIP 9. Store melt and pour base in an airtight bag or container between uses.
TIP 10. Remember melted soap is hot and can burn so be careful if letting children use it never leave them unattended.
TIP 11. Pour water into your mould to see how much base you will need, if it is 100ml it is bout 100g.
TIP 12. Make sure your moulds are clean and dry before adding soap.
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